Thyroid cancer is usually diagnosed from a cytological (cell) sample taken with a needle from a nodule that the patients has found in the neck. There are three subtypes of thyroid cancer: papillary, follicular and medullary. The prognosis of patients with thyroid cancer is generally good.
Thyroid cancer is treated surgically by removal of the thyroid gland and any metastases in the neck region, and by radioactive iodine. After surgery, the patients require thyroid hormone, thyroxin, for the rest of their life. Occasionally, radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be used. The treatment plan is always individualized for each patient.