Cancer in the kidney (renal cancer, hypernephroma) causes blood to spill into in the urine which may be a first symptom. The cancer is visualized in imaging studies of the abdomen. If the kidney tumour is small, it may be removed by partial removal of the kidney, but a bigger tumour necessitates removal of the entire kidney. Most of these operations are done endoscopically. Adjuvant treatment is not considered beneficial for patients with kidney cancer.
Advanced kidney cancer may be treated with various targeted medicines. The treatment plan is always individualized for each patient.