Gynaecological cancers refer to those forms of cancer which arise from the female reproductive organs. Specifically, we mean cancer of the uterine cervix, ovary or ovarian duct, uterus, vagina and vulva. Each of these cancers is associated with specific risks and has its specific symptoms. The treatment of these cancers varies also markedly. Generally, all cancers, and also gynaecological cancers, respond the better to treatment the earlier they have been identified.
The diagnosis of gynaecological cancers is based on examinations by a multiprofessional team under the management of a specialist physician well acquainted with gynaecological cancers. Gynaecological cancers are treated in one or several of the following ways: surgery, chemotherapy and / or radiation therapy. The choice of treatment modality depends on the type of cancer and its spread.
Most of the patients in our region who have a gynaecological cancer are treated surgically at the department of gynaecology, Tyks. Some of the operations are carried out under robot assistance; this improves precision and facilitates the recovery of the patient. A substantial part of the chemotherapy courses are given at the hospitals of the region, but the more demanding chemotherapy treatments are carried out at Tyks. Radiation treatment is usually given at the outpatient department of radiotherapy at Tyks. Follow-up after treatment is initially carried out within the specialized care hospitals of the region and later within primary care.