Sarcoma is a general term for connective tissue cancers. The sarcomas are a group of different and rare tumours. They have names that often refer to the tissue from which the tumour has originated.
The sarcomas may be divided into bone sarcomas and soft tissue sarcomas. The diagnosis requires a tissue sample obtained by coarse-needle biopsy or open biopsy. The sample is examined by a pathologist.
The sarcomas are so rare and varied diseases that treatment is individualized. Often, however, treatment is started with surgery and it may be complemented with chemotherapy or radiation therapy, as needed.