When there is a suspicion of cancer, several diagnostic tests are available. The doctor first examines the patient. On basis of the examination and the patient's history, the doctor then orders the appropriate laboratory tests, imaging studies and interventions to diagnose the condition and, if there is cancer, to establish how widespread it is.
An important goal is to obtain a tissue or cell sample of the tumour, which a pathologist will examine.
Your health care provider will always give you detailed information of the planned examinations.
Cancer statistics are available from the Finnish Cancer Registry.